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The Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian sect with about 1.3 adherents. It has, famously, its own "country"—the Vatican. The church consists of 24 particular churches and almost 3,500 dioceses and eparchies around the world all presided over by the pope. The bishopric of Rome, known as the Holy See, is the central governing authority of the church.
This sect, formally known as The Brotherhood of Saint Gregory grew out of the reverence for Saint Gregory who was Pope Gregory 1.
The word Imastun in ancient Armenian means 'wise man' and it also the title given to all remarkable historical personages. For example, this word is still placed before the name of King Solomon
Here, the title "Jacobite" should not be confused with the English Jacobites, a political movement to resurrect the Stuart kingship in the 17-18th century. It refers to The Syriac Orthodox Church (the Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East), which is informally known as the Jacobite Church.
It was founded by Jacob Baradaeus (aka Jacob bar Addai or Jacob bar Theophilus) or Saint Jacob, who was the Bishop of Edessa from 543 until his death in 578. Jacob's missionary efforts helped establish the non-Chalcedonian Syriac Orthodox Church, and ensured its survival despite persecution.
Tartars is an umbrella term for different Turkic ethnic groups bearing the name "Tatar" that have spread across many parts of Russia. The original Tartars are the Kazanian Tartars. The Republic of Tatarstan is a Russian republic located in Eastern Europe—its capital city being Kazan. Crimean Tartars and Siberian Tartars speak slightly different versions of the Tartar language.
Initially, the ethnonym Tartar possibly referred to the Tartar confederation. This confederation was eventually incorporated into the Mongol Empire when Genghis Khan unified the various steppe tribes.
The etymology of Tartar. The word derives from Turkish and Farsi where tätar means "mounted messenger".
Kuban Cossacks are Cossacks who live in the Kuban region of Russia. Most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of different major groups of Cossacks who were re-settled to the western Northern Caucasus in the late 18th century.
The Maronites are a Christian sect native to the Levant region of the Middle East.They derive their name from the Syriac Christian saint Maron, some of whose followers migrated to the area of Mount Lebanon from their previous place of residence around the area of Antioch.
The Molokans are a Spiritual Christian sect that evolved from Eastern Orthodoxy in the East Slavic lands. Their traditions-especially dairy consumption during Christian fasts-did not conform to those of the Russian Orthodox Church, and they were regarded as heretics.
Nestorianism derives from the works of Nestorius, and also by other sources that are related to his teachings in the fields of Mariology and Christology. Nestorian Mariology rejects the title Theotokos ("God-bearer") for Mary, thus emphasizing distinction between divine and human aspects of the Incarnation of Christ. Nestorian Christology promotes the concept of a prosopic union of two natures (divine and human) in Jesus Christ.
There has been a great deal of research and speculation about the Sarmoung Brotherhood. It is claimed to be a Sufi brotherhood, but that would mean it began some time after the death of Mohammed (632 AD). Gurdjieff suggests it was founded in Babylon around 2500 BC.
J. G. Bennett suggested that the word "Sarmoung" was an Armenian pronunciation of the Persian word "Sarman," meaning either "he who preserves the doctrine of Zoroaster" of simply "bee."
The bee symbolizes the collection of "honey" (wisdom) with the aim of preserving it for future generations.
A tribe of people with their own religion that inhabits areas within Kurdistan. The word Yezidi means 'the servant of the creator'.