The Arousing of Thought—p3

ancient Toulousites

There is little record of Toulouse prior to 118 BCE when that area became Roman. That lasted until 418 CE, when Visigoths ruled Toulouse, followed by Merovingian Franks, then Carolinian Franks. All were Christian in some form, as was the Cathar religion, which dominated Toulouse for a while in the 13th century. However, it was regarded as heretical by Catholic Rome, which eliminated Catharism in the Albigensian crusade.

The Cathars chanted famously. As their castle walls were torn down by the “Catholic crusaders,” they chanted hymns. After their defeat, condemned to death by fire, they chanted hymns as they threw themselves into the flames.

If “as the ancient Toulousites defined it” refers to these extraordinary acts of faith by the Cathars. The meaning of “wholly manifested intonation” is clear.

as is said

This almost invisible little phrase is used 88 times throughout The Tales, usually followed by a word or two wrapped. The use of quotes is simply proper punctuation following such a phrase. A variant of this phrase is “as is said there,” where “there” refers to the planet Earth.